It has been more than 30 years since the first HIV diagnosis in Australia. From the early days, monitoring of HIV has provided vital information to inform Australia’s public health response and has underpinned many successful prevention strategies. HIV surveillance helps us to know what is working well and where we need to do better.
The most recent data shows us that the number of newly diagnosed cases of HIV in Australia has remained stable for the past five years, with 1,013 new diagnoses in 2016. Male-to-male-sex continues to be the major HIV risk exposure in Australia, reported for 75% of diagnoses in 2016, followed by heterosexual sex (20%).
It is estimated that there were 26,444 people living with HIV in Australia in 2016. Of these, an estimated 89% were diagnosed by the end of 2016, 95% were in care, 86% were receiving antiretroviral therapy, and 93% of those on treatment had an undetectable viral load, which reduces the risk of onward HIV transmission to virtually zero.
You can explore the HIV data from Australia in the interactive graphs below.
Scroll down to read the interpretation of the data and to download the full version of the report.